Military Diplomacy: How Militaries Leverage Social Media for Strategic Objectives

Overview The rise of digital platforms such as Twitter have transformed the way governments and various state organizations engage in public diplomacy and outreach. Exploring these themes, G5iO has in the past taken a detailed look at how world leaders and governments use Twitter for digital diplomacy in pursuit of their foreign policy goals. In […]

Digital narratives – Mapping User Behavior across TikTok and Twitter

Overview TikTok has become an increasingly popular social media platform in Pakistan. G5iO compared some of the most salient and recent online discussions on Twitter to see whether those same issues were also present on Tik Tok to understand its key themes and topics better. These issues comprised the recent monsoon spell in Karachi (a […]

Digital Journalism – Comparing the Online Impact of Pakistan’s Top Journalists

Overview Traditional news sources have experienced a marked decline over the years, resulting in a shift towards online and digital reporting. These changing patterns in news consumption have led reporters and journalists to increasingly invest in social media platforms to reach a broader audience. For example, just twitter has dramatically changed the way in which […]

Propaganda Wars: Media Framing of Fake News in the Russian-Ukraine Conflict

Overview The Russia-Ukraine conflict has dominated the global digital and social media spaces since February and has redefined how info wars are being waged worldwide. Since its start, it stands as one of the most relevant examples of hybrid warfare today. For example, data from the Paris-based fact-check platform, AFP Fact Check, shows that Ukraine […]

Shifting Stands: US-Pakistan Relations Post Afghanistan-Withdrawal

Overview US-Pakistan relations have gone through many twists and turns in the last few years. Therefore, G5iO conducted a discourse analysis on key Twitter accounts of US-based think tanks, policy experts, and media sources to understand, analyze and deconstruct the shifting discourses on Pakistan over the last year. Our aim was to see which topics […]

Digital Terrorism: How Terror Networks Leverage Social Media for Info-Ops

Overview: In the last few years, there has been a sharp surge in terrorist presence online with several terror networks leveraging social media for recruitment and propaganda purposes. G5iO mapped the social media presence of three prominent terrorist networks currently operating in Pakistan comprising the (a) Tehreek-e-Taliban-Pakistan (TTP), (b) Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) and (c) […]

Ukraine Russia War – Contextualizing the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis

Overview: The ongoing Russia Ukraine conflict has resulted in a refugee crisis in Europe with more than 5 million Ukrainians displaced over the last two months. G5iO investigated Twitter timelines of some of the world’s most influential refugee watchdogs to evaluate not only the emphasis being given to the Ukrainian crisis, but also where it […]

Political crisis in Pakistan 2022 – An Analysis of National Narratives on Twitter

Overview: Taking a detailed look at the top trends that featured on the Pakistan trends panel in the last few months, G5iO undertook an in-depth discourse analysis of the country’s Twitter sphere with a particular focus on the ongoing political turmoil. We looked at not only what kinds of political trends held the most appeal […]

Lettergate: Disinfo, Fake News & Political Turmoil in Pakistan

Summary Given the current political turmoil and instability centered around the ouster of Imran Khan’s government, there has been a marked increase in disinformation and fake news proliferating throughout Pakistan’s digital space. As has been evident the purpose of such disinformation has been to attack state institutions and promote instability and chaos by amplifying civil […]

Official Perspectives on the Russia-Ukraine War: A Timeline

Overview: Continuing its analysis on the Russia Ukraine conflict, G5iO conducted a discourse analysis of the Twitter timelines of the US State Dept, the UK Foreign Office and the Foreign Ministries of Russia, Ukraine, and the EU. Starting from the annexation of Crimea in 2014 our aim is to not only provide an adequate context […]